Tat Tvam Asi explained – Hindu


The Bhagavad Gita is considered to be the essence of ultimate truth which is the subject of all of the Vedas. In a speech, Swamini Satyavratananda drew attention to the views of the performers who showed that the meaning of the Mahavakya ‘Tat Tvam Asi’ is clearly explained in a systematic way in this text. It is customary to think of the 18 chapters of the Gita as three shadgams or sections of six chapters each. In each of these sections, three main themes are dealt with. In the first series of six chapters, the three topics covered are jiva vichara, sadana of karma yoga to attain moksha, and human effort, purusha prieatna, to acquire self-knowledge.

The second shadgam deals with Ishwara swaroopa, the sadana of yoga upasana or meditation on Saguna Brahman, and Ishwara Kripa. The third shadgam focuses on the unity of Paramatma and jivatma, the sadana of jnana yoga through practices such as sravana, manana, nidhidyasa, etc., and the importance of building character by cultivating qualities and qualities. worthy virtues.

It is shown that the first subject of each of the three shadgams, namely jiva vichara, Ishwara vichara and Jiva-Brahma Aikya Jnana, respectively develops the explanation of the three terms Tvam, Tat and Asi in the Mahavakya. Pada ‘Tvam’ refers to the essential nature of the individual soul, pada ‘Tat’ relates to the nature of Supreme Brahman, and pada ‘Asi’ affirms the unity of Paramatma and jivatma. The second and third topics of each of the three sections deal in detail with yoga sadanas, karma, bhakti and jnana and the importance of human effort, the grace of God and the cultivation of sampath or Daivi virtues.

The practical integration of Gita teaching into one’s life with faith in Ishwara Kripa is sure to lead to the state of jivanmukta.


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