1. By its resolution 2584 (2021), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until June 30, 2022 and requested the Secretary-General to report to it every three months on the implementation of the resolution. This report covers the main developments in Mali since the previous report (S / 2021/519) of June 1, 2021.
II. Major developments
2. The period under review was marked by a change in the leadership of the transitional government following the coup d’état of 24 May. On July 20, the new president of the transitional government, Colonel Assimi Goïta, was the target of an assassination attempt at the Great Mosque of Bamako. While the action plan of the new Government was endorsed by the National Transitional Council, the Transitional Parliament, on August 2, was preparing for the holding of legislative and presidential elections, scheduled for February and March 2022, and bringing the transition to its end were delayed. At the same time, the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, signed in 2015, has seen limited progress, as the focus of key political actors seemed to shift.
A. Political transition
3. Following the coup d’état of 24 May, a new President and Prime Minister of the Transitional Government took office. On June 7, Colonel Assimi Goïta, former vice-president of the transitional government, was sworn in as president of the transitional government. On the same day, he appointed the president of the strategic committee of the June 5 Movement-Rally of Patriotic Forces (M5-RFP), Choguel Kokalla Maïga, as Prime Minister of the transitional government. These developments have elicited mixed reactions. Some political actors generally welcomed the developments and expressed hope that the new authorities would overcome the challenges facing Mali and move towards a successful return to constitutional order, while other stakeholders expressed reservations and criticized the new government.
4. On June 11, the President signed a decree appointing a new 28-member government. Eleven ministers from the previous cabinet kept their portfolios, including Colonel Sadio Camara, Lieutenant-Colonel Abdoulaye Maïga and Colonel-Major Ismaël Wagué. Colonel Modibo Kone, who until then was Minister of Security, has been appointed Director of State Security. The M5-RFP, which boycotted the previous government, was assigned seven ministries. The new government includes representatives of the signatory armed groups, unions and civil society, including six women, or 21.4%, which is well below the legal requirement of 30%.
5. Some political parties and platforms criticized the new government. The Ensemble pour le Mali, the Alliance for Democracy in Mali-African Party for Solidarity and Justice, the Party for National Renaissance and the Rally for Mali have criticized the composition of the government, arguing that it did not was not inclusive enough. The administrative secretary of the largest union, the National Union of Workers of Mali, regretted the presence of only two trade unionists in the new government, which he said would prevent him from dealing with the workers’ grievances. Conversely, the national civil society forum welcomed the new cabinet, in particular the inclusion of its president, Bakary Doumbia.
6. After his appointment, the Prime Minister initiated consultations with national actors on the establishment of a single electoral management body and the holding of a broad national dialogue on the reform (Assises nationale de la refondation). long claimed by M5-RFP. In July, the government announced the future establishment of the election management body and subsequently confirmed its intention to hold the national dialogue by the end of September.
7. On July 20, the President was the victim of an assassination attempt at the Grand Mosque of Bamako, where he was attending the celebration of Eid al-Adha. The suspect was subdued and arrested. On July 21, authorities opened an investigation into the incident. On July 25, the government announced that the suspect had died in custody, adding that the investigation would continue as the evidence gathered suggests that the suspect did not act alone.
8. On July 30, at the request of the President and the Prime Minister of the Transitional Government, the National Transitional Council convened an extraordinary session during which the Prime Minister presented the Government’s action plan. The plan revolves around four axes articulated by the previous Government, namely:
(a) improving national security; (b) political and institutional reforms; (c) smart implementation of the Agreement; and (d) the organization of credible elections. The plan was debated and then approved by the National Transitional Council on August 2, with 102 votes in favor, 2 against and 9 abstentions. Overall, the plan has been well received by political parties and civil society groups, although several political actors have expressed concerns about its feasibility given the time frame and limited resources.
9. On August 26, the former Prime Minister, Soumeylou Boubeye Maïga, and the former Minister of Economy and Finance, Bouare Fily Sissoko, were arrested for irregularities in the purchase of a presidential jet and equipment. military during the tenure of the former President, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
10. The local transition monitoring committee, composed of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Mali and Head of MINUSMA and representatives of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and of African Union in Mali, met several meetings with the transitional authorities and national interlocutors, calling for the prioritization of reforms and the publication of an updated timetable for the elections scheduled for February 2022. The committee also threw out the bases for regional and international actors to remain engaged in supporting the transition process.
11. The ECOWAS Special Envoy and Mediator in Mali, the former President of Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan, led missions to Bamako on June 8 and 9 and September 5-7, to assess progress in the implementation of the various decisions of the ECOWAS Authority. heads of state and government. After meeting with the transitional authorities and representatives of the diplomatic community, the delegation issued a press release on June 9 calling on the new transitional authorities to respect their commitments regarding the implementation of the Agreement, reiterating the call for formation of an inclusive government and urging the transitional authorities to identify priority actions to be implemented in the coming months, including the holding of inclusive, transparent and credible elections. During his visit in September,
Mr. Jonathan and his delegation held consultations with the President and Prime Minister of the Transitional Government, members of the diplomatic corps accredited to Mali, as well as other key actors, including political parties, signatory armed groups, civil society organizations and religious leaders. . Discussions focused mainly on the progress made in the context of the transition, in particular the priority actions of the Government and the preparation of the elections.
12. The Mediator presented his report during an extraordinary virtual session of the ECOWAS Assembly of Heads of State and Government on September 8. On September 16, the heads of state and government of ECOWAS reiterated their demand for strict compliance with the transition timetable and the holding of presidential and legislative elections in February 2022 and decided to impose targeted sanctions. against actors hindering the progress of the transition.
13. On August 27, following the efforts of the local transition monitoring committee, the Government lifted all restrictions imposed on the former President, Bah N’Daw, and the former Prime Minister, Moctar Ouane, under house arrest. Since May.